Greenhouse gas credits trade versus biomass trade – weighing the benefits

 Trondheim, Norway
5-6 April, 2006


Jointly organised by

 


Task 38 – Greenhouse Gas Balances of Biomass and Bioenergy Systems


Task 40 – Sustainable International bioenergy Trade: Securing Supply and Demand





Scope and objectives of the conference

The reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions is an urgent international target. The sustainable use of biomass for energy is one important option that might significantly contribute to the reduction of GHG emissions by substituting the use of fossil energy. Trade in biomass fuels, electricity, renewable certificates and CO2 credits are presented as options for business and policy makers as they try to meet increasing energy demands and at the same time addressing national and international commitments to reduce  GHG emissions and increase renewable energy sources.

Bio-energy trade has expanded rapidly in recent years with forestry and agricultural residues, ’’green power’’, bio-ethanol and vegetal oils being traded at national, regional and global energy markets. Advantages of such a market are potentially plentiful. For example, CO2-neutral biomass resources  are utilised efficiently on a large scale; new markets may generate substantial income sources for relatively  oor world regions; and energy markets world-wide may become more stable due to a larger number of energy suppliers  compared to the current situation. Most important may be the effect that such a market may indeed lead to development and sustainable use of the vast bio-energy production potential in many world regions.

Despite the rapidly developing international bio-energy trade (both liquid and solid fuels) physical trade of biomass (or energy carriers derived from biomass such as liquid fuels) is not necessarily the optimal  solution from both a cost and a GHG mitigation perspective. International logistics lead to higher costs and  energy use compared to local or regional utilisation of resources. Although with optimised chain design (e.g. involving large scale transport, transport of high energy density commodities) such additional costs and energy uses remain modest, local use as such and subsequently trading electricity, CO2 credits or Renewable Certificates provide important alternatives. It will depend on various essential criteria what option suits best for each combination of (potential) exporting and importing country.

The main objective to be addressed and discussed in this joint workshop are the advantages of the various trading  possibilities, the necessary accounting rules and criteria to select the most efficient mechanisms under varying  circumstances. It will provide a forum for government, business and academic representatives to exchange and gain information on the status of the various biomass- carbon trading and certificate trading markets.






 

Workshop Program


 The presentations slides can be viewed or downloaded as PDF files - just click on the links called "Presentation Slides".


Wednesday, 5 April 2006
Rica Nidelven Hotel, Trondheim, Norway

Each presentation circa 20 minutes, followed by 10 minutes of discussion.


830

Registration / Morning Refreshments

900

Word of welcome
Eli Arnstad Director and Oyvind Leisted, National Task Leader, Enova, Norway Bernhard Schlamadinger, Leader of Task 38, Joanneum Research, Austria André Faaij, Leader of Task 40, Copernicus Institute, The Netherlands
Presentation Slides (Arnstad)
Presentation Slides (Schlamadinger)
Presentation Slides (Faaij)


Session 1: International biomass trade and greenhouse gas accounting (chair: Bernhard Schamadinger )


930

Task 40 Norwegian country report, State of the art at the Norwegian bioenergy scene
Torjus Bolkesjø, The Norwegian University of Life Science, Norway
Presentation Slides


1000

GHG balances of Canadian biomass exports (combined T40/T38 work)
Douglas Bradley, Climate Change Solutions, Canada
Presentation Slides


1130

Eletrabel’s implementation strategy for large scale biomass imports
Yves Ryckmans, Electrabel, Belgium
Presentation Slides


1100

Coffee Break


1130

Next steps for co-firing biomass including certification
Martin Junginger, Copernicus Institute, on behalf of Peter-Paul Schouwenberg, Essent Energy Trading, The Netherlands
Presentation Slides


1200

Trading biomass or GHG emission credits?
Jobien Laurijssen, Copernicus Institute-UU; The Netherlands
Presentation Slides


1230

CO2 emissions from international biomass transport
Lisa Näslund, Mid Sweden University, Sweden
Presentation Slides


1245

Lunch


1400

GHG reporting and accounting rules for wood products including biomass for energy
Kim Pingoud, VTT, Finland
Presentation Slides


Session 2: Biomass use under emission trading and certificate trading schemes (chair: André Faaij)


1430

The EU ETS in the Finnish context: Does the ETS support local bioenergy implementation?
Pirkko Vesterinen, VTT, Finland
Presentation Slides


1500

Overview on CDM bioenergy projects
Joergen Fenhann, Risoe National Laboratory, Denmark
Presentation Slides


1530

Coffee Break


1600

Implementing the Clean Development Mechanism - A project developer’s perspective
Bruce Talbot, Danish Centre for Forest, Landscape and Planning, Hoersholm, Denmark
Presentation Slides


1630

Future developments of CDM / JI - policy, programmes, approaches
Axel Michaelowa, Hamburg Institute of International Economics, Germany
Presentation Slides


1700

CO2 trade vs. biomass trade from the view of the local sustainable development of theexporting / host country
Bernhard Schlamadinger, Joanneum Research, Austria
Presentation Slides


1720

General Discussion


1800

End of first day


1900

Workshop Dinner (on invitation of Enova)


Thursday, 6 April 2006
Rica Nidelven Hotel, Trondheim, Norway

 

Session 2: Continuation (chair: Oyvind Leisfad)


900

Norwegian experiences in marketing and trading of renewable energy and green certificates
John Ravlo, Marketing Directo Enviro Energi, Norway
Presentation Slides


930

Dry bulk shipping, an essential in developing efficient biofuel supply chains
Emil Brandrud, R.S. Platou Shipbrokers AS, Norway
Presentation Slides


1000

End of Workshop and starting of Excursion (with general discussion on Session 2 and coffee break in the bus)


1100

Stop at Allskog’s wood chipper at Orkanger guided by Pål Bæverfjord (Managing Director of Industriflis Nord, Norway)


1145
-1300

Lunch at Bårdshaug Herregård


1400
-1530

Visit to Fesil Holla Metall

  • Closer look at the wood chipping facility, guided by Pål Bæverfjor
  • Introduction to the plant and the use of wood chips in the production of silicon, by representative from Fesil Holla Metall


1700

Arrival back at Rica Nidelven Hotel, Trondheim




More Information about IEA Bioenergy Task 40: Sustainable International Bioenergy Trade can be found at:
www.bioenergytrade.org




 

List of Participants


Link to PDF-File