Land Use Changes due to Bioenergy  Quantifying and Managing Climate Change and Other Environmental Impacts

Helsinki, Finland, March 30th – April 1st, 2009

Jointly organised by

Task 38 - Greenhouse Gas Balances of Biomass and Bioenergy Systems


Final workshop summary (PDF-file 45kB)

Scope and objectives of the workshop


 The IEA Bioenergy Task38 conference on Land Use Changes due to Bioenergy - Quantifying and Managing Climate Change and other Environmental Impacts consists of two days of presentation and discussion on the following themes:

  • Direct Land Use Change (DLUC) - magnitude and methodologies for assessment;
  • Indirect Land Use Change (ILUC) - drivers of ILUC and mechanisms to manage ILUC; magnitude and methodologies for assessment

Goals of the workshop are:

  • Share knowledge and increase understanding of the impacts on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and other environmental services of direct and indirect land use change resulting from expansion of bioenergy
  • Draft a summary document on recommendations for incorporating direct and indirect land-use change in policy for bioenergy development and to establish a team to finalize the document (for submission to the IEA Bioenergy Executive Committee Meeting).
  • Prepare for a potential side event at COP-15 (Copenhagen) or session at another conference on bioenergy.


Workshop Program

Monday, 30 March 2009
Suomenlinna, Helsinki, Finland

Each presentation approx. 20 minutes, followed by 5 minutes of discussion




Kai Sipilä, VTT, Finland
Sampo Soimakallio, Task38 National Team Leader, VTT, Finland
Susanne Woess-Gallasch, Task 38 Management, Joanneum Research, Austria

Presentation (PDF 928 kB)

Session 1: Introduction, background, methodological issues


Global perspectives on bioenergy.
Adam Brown, IEA Bioenergy
Presentation (PDF 357 kB)


The significance of the time horizon in determining the mitigation benefit of biomass and bioenergy.
Ilkka Savolainen, Kim Pingoud, Technical Research Centre of Finland, VTT, Finland
Presentation (PDF 683 kB)


TBiomass, bio-energy and terrestrial ecosystems: a global perspective.
 Helmut Haberl, Klagenfurt University, Austria
Presentation (PDF 4266 kB)


Coffee Break

Continuation of Session 1


Challenges in assessing global and local environmental impacts in the LCA context.
 Jyri Seppälä, Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE), Finland
Unable to attend, presentation not given


LCA for analysing environmental impacts of land use for various industrial branches and product groups.
Tuomas Mattila, Jyri Seppälä, Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE), and Ilmo Mäenpää Thule Institute, Finland
Presentation (PDF 325kB)


Dealing with direct and indirect land use change in biofuels sustainability standards.
Charlotte Opal, Roundtable and Sustainable Biofuels, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, Switzerland
Presentation (PDF 477 kB)


Direct and indirect LUC issues in European sustainability initiatives
Florence Van Stappen, Agricultural Research Centre, Belgium
Presentation (PDF 1014 kB)



Session 2: Direct land use change


Sustainability Quick Check for Biofuels: A Web-based tool for streamlined biofuels LCA.
Jürgen Reinhard, Mireille Faist, Rainer Zah, EMPA, Switzerland
Presentation (PDF 1990 kB)


Direct effects of bioenergy systems on soil carbon: implications for climate change benefits of bioenergy.
Annette Cowie, NSW Department of Primary Industries, Australia
Presentation (PDF 1137 kB)


Coffee Break


Ethanol production under endogenous crop prices: Theoretical analysis with an empirical application to barley.
Ollikainen, M., Rinne, J., University of Helsinki, Finland, and Lankoski, J., OECD, France
Presentation (PDF 143 kB)


How land-use change due to biofuel policy impacts on Europe´s biodiversity
Ben Delbaere, ECNC, the Netherlands
Presentation (PDF 1003 kB)


Direct Land Use Change also affects surface albedo - should this be considered when estimating environmental benefits?
Neil Bird, Hannes Schwaiger, Joanneum Research, Austria
Presentation (PDF 717 kB)


Greenhouse gas emissions from land use changes due to the adoption of the EU biofuel objectives in Spain.
Y. Lechón, H. Cabal, M. Santamaria, N. Caldés, R. Sáez, CIEMAT, Spain
Presentation (PDF 366 kB)


Update on U.S. EPA Greenhouse Gas LCA for Federal Renewable Fuel Standard.
Vincent Camobreco, U.S. EPA, Office of Transportation & Air Quality/Transportation & Climate Division, USA
Presentation (PDF 403 kB)


General Discussion


Close of 1st day



Tuesday, 31 March 2009

Session 3: Indirect land use change


Accounting for greenhouse gas emissions from indirect land-use change: The iLUC factor approach.
Uwe Fritsche, Oekoinstitute, Germany
Presentation (PDF 357 kB)


Biofuels and land use change in multiple policy setting: Integrated modelling approach.
Petr Havlik, Erwin Schmid, Uwe A. Schneider, Michael Obersteiner, IIASA, Austria
Presentation (PDF 1989 kB)


Direct and indirect LUC of EU 10% biofuel target – input to the Gallagher Review
Bart Dehue, Ecofys, Netherlands


Indirect land use change in the EU legislation - where we are and what we need to know
Ariane de Dominicis, EC, DG Environment
Presentation (PDF 76 kB)


Coffee Break

Continuation of Session 3


Proximate causes and underlying driving forces on land-use change among small-scale farmers – illustrations from biomass expanding areas in the Loess Plateau, China.
Madelene Ostwald, Victoria Wibeck, Linköping University, and Petter Stridbeck, University of Gothenburg, Sweden
Presentation (PDF 1739 kB)


Brazilian sugarcane expansion 1996 – 2006: land-use change and other consequences.
Göran Berndes, Chalmers University, Sweden, Gerd Sparovek, Alberto Barretto, University of Sao Paolo, Brazil, and Sergio Martins and Rodrigo Maule, Entropix Engineering, Brazil
Presentation (PDF 16387 kB)


Stabilizing the Agricultural Frontier: Leveraging REDD with Biofuels for Sustainable Development.
Timothy J. Killeen, Goetz Schroth, Will Turner, Celia A. Harvey, Marc K. Steininger, Christine Dragisic, Russell A. Mittermeier, Conservation International, USA
Presentation (PDF 4987 kB)


Land use changes in tropical peatlands.
Harri Vasander, University of Helsinki, Finland
Presentation (PDF 6486 kB)


General Discussion




Discussion and drafting of summary document
The workshop participants were broken into two groups, focusing on the two main themes of the workshop (DLUC and ILUC), by concentrating on the following different aspects:

Group I: Data, Modelling and Other Issues
Chairperson: Neil Bird

Group II: Policy Issues
Chairperson: Annette Cowie


Coffee Break


Closing Plenary
The closing plenary brought the two groups together to report on the topics discussed and proposed recommendations. Task38 is still evaluating if the presentations (in form of papers) can be put in a special issue of a journal.


Close of Workshop

Excursion – April 1st 2008

 A study tour took participants to the NESTE oil Porvoo biorefinery (NExBTL biodiesel process).
The following presentation was given by Ilmari Lastikka, NESTE:PDF-File 755kB


List of Participants

List of Participants (PDF 37 kB)

Click on thumbnails to enlarge pictures!